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Carbohydrates

ALEXYS Carbohydrates Analyzer

The ALEXYS Carbohydrates Analyzer is based on High Performance Anion Exchange Chromatography with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD). Dedicated flow cells are available – FlexCell and SenCell – with high pH resistance, and maintenance free HyREF reference electrode. Together with a Helium degassing kit for carbon dioxide free mobile phase, this assures most stable and sensitive analysis conditions. Applications are available for carbohydrates in food, beverages, plants, lactose free products, glycoproteins and others. Detection limits as low as 10 nmol/L can be obtained.

Electrochemical detection of carbohydrates is done in the ‘pulse mode’. This is necessary, because EC detection of carbohydrates results in oxidation products that stick to the electrode surface. In PAD a cleaning step is applied which ensures stable and reproducible detection conditions.

For more details, read our technology page on PAD.
See also our applications at the bottom of this page and our Application Notebook on the side, or click to download an application notebook.

HPAEC separation and pulsed amperometric detection of carbohydrates.

Click to read brochure.

ET 210 Eluent tray

High Performance Anion Exchange Chromatography (HPAEC) is used for HPLC analysis of carbohydrates. It is only at very high pH that carbohydrates are anions and can be separated in ion chromatography. Therefore, only a few HPAEC columns can be used as they have to be used at pH 12 or higher.

At such high pH, carbon dioxide from the surrounding air dissolves in the mobile phase and forms carbonate ions. The slowly rising concentration of carbonate enters the column, it occupies functional groups of the stationary phase and changes the retention times of carbohydrates. It is therefore most important to have proper carbon dioxide removal from the mobile phase to ensure reproducible separation conditions.

The ALEXYS eluent tray has the infrastructure for keeping the solvent bottles under a helium blanket. Gas tight caps, tubing, fittings and a manometer to adjust the gas flow and to keep Helium consumption to an absolute minimum.

Lactose free products

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220_018 - Lactose in dairy & meat products 042.93 MB Download
220_009 - Lactose-free products 094.51 MB Download

Carbohydrates in plants

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220_004 - Carbohydrates in plants 061.15 MB Download

Artificial sweeteners

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220_013 - Sugar alcohols 061.04 MB Download